How to transplant or plant in late fall or winter.

How to transplant or plant in late fall or winter.

Planting or transplanting trees and shrubs in late fall or winter can be beneficial, as it allows them to establish roots during dormancy, giving them a head start for the following growing season. Here's a guide on how to plant or transplant trees and shrubs during this period:

1. Choose the Right Time:

  • Aim to plant or transplant during late fall, after the tree or shrub has dropped its leaves and entered dormancy, or in early winter before the ground freezes.
  • Avoid planting during periods of extreme cold or when the ground is frozen solid.

2. Select Suitable Species:

  • Choose trees and shrubs that are well-suited to your climate and growing conditions.
  • Consider the species' tolerance to winter conditions and its adaptability to your local environment.

3. Prepare the Planting Site:

  • Prior to planting, prepare the planting site by digging a hole that is wider and slightly shallower than the root ball of the tree or shrub.
  • Loosen the soil in the surrounding area to facilitate root expansion and establishment.
  • Adding an organic compost like Daddy Pete's Planting Mix and Espoma Bio-Tone Starter Plus fertilizer will aid in plant health and increase survival rate.

4. Dig the Plant:

  • Carefully dig around the root ball of the tree or shrub, starting several feet away from the trunk or base.
  • Use a sharp spade or shovel to create a trench, gradually working your way inward until you can lift the root ball out of the ground intact.

5. Handle with Care:

  • Handle the tree or shrub and its root ball with care to minimize damage to the roots.
  • Lift the plant by the root ball rather than the trunk or stems, and avoid dropping or jostling it during transport.

6. Transport Safely:

  • Transport the tree or shrub to its new location promptly to minimize stress.
  • Keep the root ball protected from wind and extreme temperatures during transit, and avoid exposing the roots to freezing temperatures or drying winds.

7. Plant in the New Site:

  • Once at the new planting site, carefully lower the tree or shrub into the prepared hole, ensuring that it is positioned at the same depth as it was in its previous location.
  • Backfill the hole with soil, gently firming it around the root ball to eliminate air pockets.

8. Water Thoroughly:

  • After planting, water the tree or shrub thoroughly to settle the soil and hydrate the roots.
  • Provide enough water to thoroughly moisten the root ball and surrounding soil, but avoid waterlogging the area.

9. Apply Mulch:

  • Apply a layer of mulch around the base of the tree or shrub to help retain soil moisture, regulate soil temperature, and suppress weed growth.
  • Leave a gap between the mulch and the trunk or stems to prevent moisture-related issues.

10. Monitor and Maintain:

  • Monitor the newly planted or transplanted tree or shrub closely throughout the winter months, ensuring that it receives adequate moisture and remains stable in its new location.
  • Continue to water as needed, especially during periods of drought or unseasonably warm weather.

By following these steps and providing proper care and attention, you can successfully plant or transplant trees and shrubs in late fall or winter, giving them the best chance for survival and healthy growth in their new environment.

Jan 6th 2024 Settlemyre Nursery

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